Bruce Rutherford is a non-resident research fellow at the Belfer Center's Middle East Initiative. He is an associate professor of political science at Colgate University. He is the author of Egypt after Mubarak: Liberalism, Islam, and Democracy in the Arab World (Princeton, 2008) as well as several articles and book chapters. His research project at the Middle East Initiative examines why the large-scale public demonstrations of the Arab spring produced such widely varying outcomes -- from a more open and democratic regime (Tunisia), to a deeper and more brutal authoritarianism (Egypt), to state weakening and regime collapse (Libya, Syria), to regime continuity with little change (Saudi Arabia, Morocco).        

Last Updated: Jul 2, 2018, 3:34pm




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